Punto System Group

Understanding Shipping Documents T1/T2: A Comprehensive Guide

When it comes to international trade and transportation of goods, shipping documents play a crucial role. They facilitate the smooth movement of cargo across borders and ensure compliance with customs regulations. Among the various types of shipping documents, T1 and T2 documents hold significant importance. In this article, we will delve into the details of T1 and T2 documents, their purposes, and their significance in the shipping industry. 

The T1 document is an international customs document used for goods in transit. It is used when goods need to pass through one or more countries before reaching their final destination. The T1 document allows for the transportation of goods under customs control without having to clear customs at each transit point. This way, the goods remain sealed or otherwise protected until they reach the destination country. 
As a result, the T1 document serves as a transit declaration and contains essential information such as the nature of the goods, their quantity, and their value. 
For example, if you need to ship goods from Switzerland to the USA via an Italian port, you need to present the T1 document to enter Italian territory and continue the journey to the final destination. 

In this case, we would need to pass through two customs checkpoints, one between Italy and Switzerland, and then one between Switzerland and Germany. But thanks to the T2 document, it will not be necessary to clear customs twice. 
The T2 document is also required for shipments by sea, but in this case, it is called T2L. 
For example, to depart from an Italian port and reach Greece, it may be necessary to transit through North Africa during the route to reach the final destination. T2L is, therefore, mandatory. 

On the other hand, the T2 document is used for goods moving within the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA). It serves as proof that the goods have been transported from one EU/EEA country to another and is mainly used for fiscal and statistical purposes, providing accurate information on the origin, destination, and value of the goods. 

A practical example could be shipments departing from Italy to reach Germany via Switzerland.


Understanding the purpose and importance of these documents is crucial for businesses engaged in global commerce, as they contribute to smooth operations, compliance, and cost efficiency in the shipping industry. 
 We understand that customs documents can be tricky and complex, therefore, our team is always available to help you fill in all the mandatory documents.  
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